Posts in Category: Children

Why cooking should be taught in schools

It’s hard to comprehend asking a tutor to add even one activity in their existing curriculum. However, what could have been the case if it was something which could have accomplished both learning objectives at ago? On the surface, cooking is well suited in a home kitchen, when parents have space, time and inclination to have fun with their children. On the other side, cooking is a perfect method through which children can exercise math skills, see science in action, develop healthy habits and learn new vocabulary to last in a life time. Through cooking in classes, the students will be able to learn language arts, social studies, develop skills, learn math and science.

  • A math cooking class.

Cooking in a mathematics class will help the students learn quantities and also less and more through the measurement of ingredients and manipulation. They can also be able to do experiments with an approach to solving a certain mathematics problem. This will also assist them learn and practice multiplication, division and doubling or halving a recipe.

  •  Language arts

Through the reading and following the recipe in a classroom can help the students learn the art of following instructions, sequencing, asking the relevant questions and even learn communication skills. In addition, cooking has a language of its own. Chefs are able to learn some new vocabulary during the process.

  • Science

Cooking is generally a chemistry in action. Have you ever came to notice that when an egg is raw is in liquid state but on cooking it turns to a solid state? Then what of the shaking of some cream in some jar to make butter, how does it happen? Students then can be in apposition to learn the source of each food they consume. As a matter of fact, students will be able to learn on healthy eating habits which will be able to last in their lifetime.

  • Social studies

Cooking can be used in social studies to help students know on how to follow rules and regulation for a better citizenship. It will also be a good method of exploring the various cultures of the peers. The process of learning how the various foods are grown is a super introduction to economics, business and the distribution of goods countrywide or even across the world.

  • Equip students with the essential life skills

The art of cooking among the essential life skills which only a few students can do. Most of the students have been taking the expensive ready meals which have a low nutritional value and some heap load of fats, calories, sugars and salts. Based on a study conducted, most students lack knowledge and skills in the kitchen which results in showing some very little interest in even cooking their own meals. When cooking is introduced in schools, and food technology made compulsory, students will be able to acquire some motivation plan and guidance, produce and prepare meals of their choice and master the basic kitchen skills.

  • Promote healthy lifestyle

We cannot deny that take away foods such as McDonalds, KFC and Dominos are among the popular for most students. We too cannot evade the fact that they at times serve some unhealthy food at a low prices. For example, a piece of pizza can contain 16 grams of fat, 310 calories. If then your purchase the eight pieces then will have taken a total of 128 grams of fat and 2,480 calories. Food technology particularly the home economics will help students get to know the nutritional breakdown of the various foods and the various nutrients required in the body for a proper functioning. When the students acquire a good understanding of vitamins, minerals a d nutrients, their teacher will be in a position to encourage them on the possible substitutes for the popular take outs.

  • Potential career opportunity

When students have an exposure to baking and cooking, they will be in a position to discover some hidden potential as well as gaining the idea of working in the hospitality and catering industries. The above reasons will then be able to prove that cookery and food technology should be made compulsory in educational sector across all ages. I therefore hope that schools and the relevant ministries shall take note of this and introduce such subjects in their curriculum

What are children’s health needs?

Among the main objectives of child related organizations such as the National Quality Framework is to ensure the health, safety and wellbeing of every child attending both child care and educational services. When a child is diagnosed with some allergy, health care need and some relevant medical condition join a day care or an educational center, some additional requirements should be met for ensuring the safety of the child, well being and health is protected. It is vital for such services have procedures and policies put in place to manage the diagnosed allergies, health care needs and the relevant health conditions which are recommended to ensure regular basis.

With enrollment of any new children in some service, it is vital for the given services to make sure all prescribed info related to the diagnosed allergies, any relevant medical condition and health needs should be collected from guardians then included in the enrollment record. Such services should also involve a review of the enrollment record of a child, which have some continuation of some services from the previous year to make sure the current service is aware of any changes and the accuracy.

Child enrollment record

Before the start of any service operation for a year, you should have a review of both new enrollment and existing records conducted to make sure all relevant information concerning allergies and health care needs is current. The enrollment record regulation includes:

  •  Health care details need of any child comprising allergies and medical conditions and if such a child is diagnosed as the risk of anaphylaxis.
  •  Medical management plan, risk minimization, anaphylaxis medical management should be followed with respect to the identified allergy, medical condition and health care need of dietary restrictions for the given child.

Authorizations and medication

Health care services should ensure that prior to starting any service, the necessary authorizations should be kept in the record and be sought out. They include the details of people authorized to administer the child’s medication and consent to the medical treatment. The concerns of the administration of a child with any medical condition should include a good procedure which has the requirements of the given regulation. Such procedures involve both the non-prescription and prescription medication to be administered before the use or expiry date. Administration of any medication to a child require a medication record which helps set out the required details, then the staff should have an understanding of the record and how to complete it.

Staff first aid qualifications and training

It is always recommended that the services provided to any child have an access to the health care needs, medical conditions and allergies identified. This then leads to the determination of whether the available resources and the recommended processes are enough to ensure an appropriate management of such children.

Center-based services

These services ensure that a minimum of one educator has the below qualifications at any place where children are taken care of.

  • Should be a holder of first aid qualifications.
  • Should have undertaken the current and approved anaphylaxis training
  • Should have undertaken an approved emergency asthma training.

Such people should be holders of either one or more qualifications.

Family day care services

Family day care services should ensure each educator assistant register or engage with the regulated services. They should also be holders the above qualifications. It’s also their responsibility to ensure they have the qualified and approved first aid qualification as in the day care regulations.

First aid kits

To meet the child health care regulations, health cares and home day cares should ensure that they recommend services which conduct audit of first aid kits available on regular basis including

  • Should be available in appropriate numbers.
  • Should be readily available and easy to recognize.
  • Should be suitably equipped.

For health care and family day care services, they should ensure first aid kits are readily accessible, suitably equipped and easily recognizable.

Medical condition policy

The main aim of a medical condition policy is to ensure that the set out services are done in relation to the components listed in health regulations. The regulation requires parents provide the medical management plan. It also requires the development of the minimization of risk and the relevant information it should contain. A copy of any medical policy should too be given to the guardian of the child enrolled in any day care services.

How Can Children’s Health Affect Their Development

The early years of a child’s life can be the most crucial for their development. Many things affect the way they grow and perceive the world around them, including their physical health. Children need to play and be physical, and get enough sleep; but perhaps the most important aspect for them is their need for a healthy diet. A child’s health can be compromised if they do not receive the proper number of calories and nutrients. Nutrition can affect children’s growth physically, intellectually, and even emotionally.

The most obvious development for a child is physical. The right kinds, and the right amounts, of food can help children grow properly with few health issues. Whenever a child is malnourished, this can lead to unsettling setbacks later in life. According to Dakota Karratti, writer of How Poor Nutrition Affects Child Development , a study published by Dr. H. Peter Chase and Dr. Harold P. Martin found that malnourished children under the age of one were smaller than children who were not. It is important to note that infant nutrition can carry its effects throughout adolescence.

Undernourishment can indeed affect a child’s growth, but the opposite can also be just as devastating. Overfeeding a young child may seem to be a nurturing thing to do for them, but high caloric intake creates chronic illnesses for them later in life. Karratti references the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics study of overeating on kids. Poor nutrition creates burdensome weight issues for children that causes health complications for them in later years.

Poor health from lack of proper nutrition can delay the development of a child’s mind as well. These setbacks may not be as noticeable as physical development, but can force a child to fall behind academically. According to Karratti, a 2010 study from The Journal of Nutrition discovered that underfed two-year-olds had 16 percent higher chances of failing at least one grade in school later in life. In that same study, they were more likely to start school later in life as well.

Underachieving in school for these underfed students can have adverse effects on them long term. Karratti says the scientist that conducted the research concluded that an unhealthy child would see a 10 percent decrease in their lifetime income because of their school performance. Their mental ability is also compromised as underfed children cannot get enough calories to support proper brain function.

A child’s poor health can have severe effects on them on an emotional level. Many poor children may struggle with the pangs of hunger, and this may reduce their concentration in school. However, more perplexing issues can rise as well. According to wholenewmom,children who are underfed will have a lack minerals, like calcium, which is important for developing emotions properly. Without these mineral, a child has a higher chance of developing anxiety, depression, or schizophrenia later in life.

The health of a child also affects their behavior. Children who do not get enough to eat will see developmental delay in their behavior and attitude. According to wholenewmom, in the first two years of a child’s life, if they do not get enough to eat, they will become withdrawn. This may be due to feeling inadequate because of their lack of available food. They will also be less physically active and will be less willing to help others.

Under-nutrition seems to play a negative role in a child’s social development. Karratti states that, according to a National Institute of Health study done on psychological development of children, social behaviors were more likely to suffer from lack of food than even the ability to learn. This may root from the child’s need to secure food for themselves overruled their need for socialization with others.

A child’s health can have a crucial effect on their development, especially when it concerns a lack of nutrition. The early years of a child’s life are the most important for them to develop important skills that, if missed, can caused great harm later in life. The structure of a child’s daily eating routine can play a role in that. Although physical exercise, rest, and play are all important, the amount of food a child intakes can be the most decisive in growing properly. Food, as it turns out, can be the key factor for a child to thrive physically, mentally, and emotionally.

How Poverty Affects the Health of Children

Poverty is described as the economic state that does not allow provision of basic child and family needs such as housing, clothing and adequate food. As a result of poverty, education, development and health of a child is affected. For a child to grow and develop normally, good nutrition which comprises of a balanced diet and essential elements should be provided. It is important to note that, child poverty has increased over the years because of the following reasons:

  • Increased number of single parents or female-headed families
  • Decrease in value of income transfer programs
  • Decrease in real value of wages earned by lower educated workers

Expansion of Technology and information economy has excluded people with low education backgrounds making them find alternative sources of income which might not support their families. Families that lack head of the family are usually poor even if the mother works because the father is a great supporter and wage earner in the family. Poverty has the following health impacts to children:

Early pregnancies:

As a result of poverty, young girls tend to indulge in sex for money (prostitution) to be able to support their families or themselves. In some countries, these girls are pushed to indulge into such activities by their parents having no other alternative. Therefore, they end up engaging in sex for money and since they are inexperienced, they are exploited by men and end up becoming pregnant.

In addition to getting pregnant, these girls are at a risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) e.g. chlamydia, HIV/AIDS etc. which might result to death after a period of time. However, if they end up getting pregnant, aborting the fetus remains as the best option to most of them since they cannot be able to support the child. This further exposes them to possible death!

Poverty affects development of the child:

For a child to develop normally, he or she should be able to have a balanced diet which most poor children cannot get. Brain and body development is dependent on certain minerals elements which can only be found in specific types of meals. Research shows that, children living in constant poverty have the worst cognitive development compared to children living from a higher socio-economic background. Therefore, poor children end up participating in social, celebratory activities and leisure which can negatively impact their health and development e.g. taking drugs. In some instances, being poor makes a child poor in decision making although some end up being challenged by poverty and they work hard to help their families.

As a result of poverty, children suffer from kwashiorkor or marasmus due to poor nutrition. Kwashiorkor is a malnutrition disease which is caused by lack of proteins in a child’s diet while marasmus results from lack of food leading to emaciation. These malnutrition diseases affect development and health of a child with possible death after a period of time. Poverty can be manifested by lack of access to healthy foods and environment which can predispose a child to chronic conditions such as asthma, pneumonia and anaemia.

Exposure to contaminants:

Since poor children live in slums or in poor localities, they get exposed to contaminants among the heavy metals and toxic waste dumps. Some of these children seek for means to feed themselves or their families by selling plastics or scrap metals which they retrieve from damp sites. Having no protective gear to retrieve these materials, these children exposes themselves to harmful waste materials which might affect their health. Heavy metals and other toxic wastes may not have abrupt effects on the child but with time, the effects may be seen e.g. in brain development and chronic infections.

It is evident that poverty affects children as much as it affects their parents. However, since children are young and hence developing, they are really affected by poverty especially health wise. It is important to note that, when a child’s development is affected, it is not possible to remedy the problem in future e.g. stunted growth and brain development. As a result of poverty, children with low birth weight are born due to malnutrition of the parents, these children have lower life expectancy rate although some die at birth. It is not easy to eradicate poverty completely but the use of the right measures could help reduce effects of poverty and raise living standards.

Teaching Cooking Skills to Children

As our children observe us in the house, they will likely want to get involved with what we are doing. Depending on their age, allowing their participation can difficult. For example, working with a blow torch to make crème brulee is certainly not a task you would trust your five-year-old with. Still, you can teach your kids many valuable skills in the kitchen, progressing to more advanced techniques as they get older. Little by little, they will refine their culinary skills throughout their youth, hopefully with enough expertise to avoid takeout every night when they enter college!

If your small child is eager to please you as you work in the kitchen, give them small things to do! These can be minor tasks like washing carrots or potatoes for a stew you are making. Perhaps you can trust them with cracking eggs for you while you make cookies or simply just sprinkling some decorations on a freshly baked batch of cupcakes. By the time your little one reaches five, they should be able to spread icing relatively neatly!

Once your child is about six and is comfortable reading, you can focus more in depth on baking since they will need to read and use basic math for measuring. Start off with some store-bought cake mixes before making a dessert from scratch. Use their time-telling skills to teach them how to make a hard-boiled egg. You are still doing most of the work at this point, but including your little one and utilizing their new skills will pay off a great deal in the years to come.

Around age eight or when your child is finally tall enough to reach the counter-tops, you can teach them some supervised stove skills. At this point, they are also mature enough to use a peeler and can opener; they can potentially join you in planning family dinner. Start them off with smaller tasks to begin with like making the mashed potatoes or putting them in charge of mixing the salad. If they feel like more of the fancy type, you can even make them responsible for dessert.

Once your child becomes a teenager, their palette is far more developed and they can start experimenting with different flavors and textures. Though they are older, supervision is still very important at this age. Sometimes your teen will meticulously follow cooking instructions for an easy, straightforward meal;other times, the desire for something new may bring some surprises. Whether good or bad, it is important to allow them to be creative at this stage since they are embracing their new freedoms and sense of responsibility.

Never be afraid to encourage kids to take a step out of their comfort zone. Maybe it’s finally time to let them use that blow torch for crème brulee. Having some friends over for a casual hangout? Show them how you fire up the grill for a great barbecue; let them flip the steaks and get involved. Always look for small opportunities where they can lend a hand, however small the task may be.

The following recipes should inspire kids of all ages as they work with you in the kitchen:

Mini Pizzas

A super easy, quick recipe that allows your child to have fun and be creative with their very own personal pizza.

Ingredients:

Mini pizza crusts or flat bread

Tomato sauce

Italian cheese

Your choice of veggies

 

Step 1: Preheat oven to 415 degrees.

Step 2: Apply tomato sauce on your pizza. You may want to help your child with this to ensure that the sauce is distributed evenly.

Step 3: Build your own pizza! Sprinkle cheese and toppings. If you feel comfortable, allow your child to cut some of the vegetables. If you want to get fancy, add some chicken or sausage.

Step 4: Place in oven. Bake for 15 minutes.

Cheesy Bread

Ingredients:

Dinner rolls

Buttermilk

Crushed garlic

Soft butter

Cheddar cheese

Step 1: Preheat oven to 400 degrees.

Step 2: Pour buttermilk in a bowl.

Step 3: Cut rolls in half.

Step 4: Mix garlic with butter.

Step 5: Dip the top of a roll in buttermilk and let it sit for five seconds. Then, dab it with the garlic butter.

Step 6. Sprinkle desired amount of cheese on roll and set on baking sheet.

Step 7: Repeat steps 5 and 6 until baking sheet is full.

Step 8. Bake for 10 minutes.

Chocolate Chip Cookie Ice Cream Sandwiches

Ingredients:

Cookie dough

Vanilla ice cream

This really only requires you to set ice cream between two cookies, so determine whether you want to go all out on this one. You can buy pre-made cookie dough or if you want to spend some quality time in the kitchen, you can make your chocolate chip cookies from scratch!

Teaching Kids Healthy Eating Habits

It is necessary for a growing child to have a balanced and healthy diet but teaching kids to have healthy eating habits could be very difficult here are some tips to follow: